For the third time, the Smart Industry Expo Forum brings together consumers as well as suppliers of technologies and digital solutions on its site. All of them are focused on the development of smart industry, the development of smart industries and the digital transformation of enterprises. About how the process of forming a smart industry is developing in Belarus, what tasks the Ministry of Economy sets for the development of this area and how everything will be applied in practice, during his speech at the conference “Investments in smart industry : how much it costs to create a smart factory,” said Dmitry Krupsky, head of the innovation economy department of the Ministry of Economy, to a BelTA correspondent.
Intermediate results of smart industry formation in Belarus
According to Dmitry Krupsky, the Ministry of Economy is the key provider promoting the digital transformation of the real sector in Belarus. In this regard, the specialist shared the intermediate results that Belarus has achieved in this area since 2018.
“In 2019-2022, the project “Digital transformation of the national economy of Belarus” was implemented as part of a knowledge exchange program with the Republic of Korea. Since 2020, the implementation of the international technical assistance project of UNIDO “Stimulate the potential of connected the technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution for the inclusive and sustainable industrial development of Belarus”. In addition, the professional standard “Management of a commercial organization” was prepared and approved, which describes the requirements for managers of all economic levels. management in relation to the possession of certain digital technologies”, pointed out the specialist.
He also said that a major milestone this year was the approval of a key decree “On the body of public administration in the field of digital development and computerization”, according to which the functions of a regulator in the field of digital development are now assigned. to the Ministry of Communications. This turns the department from a sectoral body into a functional one and requires some internal restructuring. Among other things, at the initiative of the Ministry of Economy, a technical standardization commission “Intelligent Industry” was created, in which 23 organizations participate.
Dmitry Krupsky drew attention to Belstat’s adoption of a new statistical form: “Questionnaire on the use of digital technologies in an organization.”
“With the adoption of this form, we will be able to obtain reliable statistical data that will allow us to assess the scale and know how many 3D printers, robotic systems and other specialized equipment there are in various organizations of the manufacturing industry. it is also important that this form takes into account specialists, who not only possess ICT, but also those who use advanced production technologies (for example, operators of robots and other technical devices). If it is necessary to prepare decisions related to state support for digital technologies, these data will allow us to appeal to concrete figures, “underlined the head of the Department of Economy of Innovation Activities of the Ministry of Economy.
What strategy does the Ministry of Economy propose for the development of smart industry?
As noted by Dmitry Krupsky, the goal of the development of smart industry is to provide a new quality of economic growth and increase the level of competitiveness of the industrial complex of Belarus. He assured that only the digital transformation of the sphere of material production has the reserve that can take the national economy to a qualitatively new level.
“According to the experience of Korean colleagues, even the introduction of digitization elements in Industry 4.0 immediately affected the cost. At the same time, the myth that the introduction of digital technologies will cause mass unemployment is not confirmed. First, this process it will allow to extend over time, and secondly, for one main worker, 3-4 employees are created as part of a smart factory, performing service functions,” said the specialist.
Regarding the specific objectives of the development strategy, he assured that the first step to achieving this objective is the consolidation of interest groups, the formation of a professional community of legal entities and experts focused on the implementation of Industry 4.0 technologies. The second step is the formation of a smart industry support infrastructure, which acts as an element of the digital economy environment. The third task is to ensure the innovative development of the industry on a predominantly own technological basis, and the fourth is to create the organizational and legal bases for the integration and coordination of efforts to develop the intelligent industry in the Eurasian space.
“We hope that we will be able to create those tools and mechanisms that attract financial support, as well as involve several countries in the orbit of this integration. First of all, we have Russia and Kazakhstan,” added the specialist.
How will this strategy be implemented in practice?
Regarding the implementation of this strategy, the head of the Innovation Economy Department of the Ministry of Economy pointed out that new international technical assistance projects will be initiated. “In 2023, we are finishing a project to create an experimental and demonstration center on the basis of the Brest Science and Technology Park. The Ministry of Economy intends to repeat and scale all this starting from the Mogilev region. There are already certain advances in this direction: a donor was found, UNIDO approval was received. Now a project document is being prepared, according to which a new and larger project with increased funding will appear on the basis of the Belarusian-Russian University and the Mogilev Technopark,” said Dmitry Krupsky.
He also added that the ministry plans to develop four key standards over the next year and a half. One standard will deal with the smart factory, the second will describe the smart industry, the third will deal with industrial automation and the fourth will describe additive technologies. Thus, a proper foundation will be created to have a clear understanding of the smart industry. Among others, state support instruments for the digital transformation of the real direct action sector will be developed.
“We hope that in 2023-2024 there will be the formation of tasks for the state scientific and technical programs for the next five years. Therefore, we will strive to have one or more STEPs appear that provide a set of tasks and allow full coverage of the problems of creation of a production and technology We need our own 3D printers, industrial robots for various purposes, sensors that can be mass-produced, we need to massively re-equip our industry, so we want to create innovative projects based on individual companies. a consortium to implement an initiative of the project that provides for the development of the Eurasian innovation platform “Industry 4.0″. I feel that the first steps have already been taken to create this consortium”, Dmitry Krupsky summarized.