Scientific news. Criteria for electing the president of the Russian Academy of Sciences / Science / Nezavisimaya Gazeta

Criteria for electing the president of the Russian Academy of Sciences

At the request of NGN, Natalia Kosikhina, Russian senator, vice-chairman of the committee on science, education and culture, expressed her idea about the qualities and competences of the future president of the Russian Academy of Sciences, which the candidate for this position should have.

“The aspirants to the highest scientific position and their programs for reforming the activities of the main fundamental research center are known. In addition, the criteria that the elected head of the RAS must meet are also important. As you know, one of the main functions of scientific knowledge is complete objectivity in relation to the research topic studied. The leaders of the Academy of Sciences have always been famous for their impartiality and draw conclusions only from verified information. I have no doubt that a clear and verified evidence base on a wide range of issues will become one of the foundations of the work of the elected head of the Russian Academy of Sciences,” said Natalia Vladimirovna.

Another equally important criterion, according to the senator, is the ability to organize consolidated work in such a way that all contradictions cannot negatively affect the final result of the product. “This is extremely important and necessary for teamwork: to accumulate the knowledge and potential of the scientific community to solve global problems, to organize effective cooperation with government authorities and also to create all the conditions to prevent the departure of professional personnel abroad.”

Natalia Kosikhina expressed her confidence that “on September 19, the right choice will be made and a person will come to the leadership of the Russian Academy of Sciences who, like his predecessors, will establish as his main goal the strengthening and development of all branches of A Russian science, despite restrictions and prohibitions!

Inc. inf.

Funding of science in Russia

The HSE Institute for Statistical Research and the Economy of Knowledge (ISSEK) presents data on the actual spending of the federal budget on civil science in Russia in 2021. The main conclusions are as follows.

In 2021, the actual expenditure on civil science from the federal budget in Russia reached 626.6 billion rubles. Compared to the level of 2010, its absolute value increased by 19.3% (at constant prices), and its share in the expenses of the federal budget went from 2.35% to 2.53%.

In 2022-2024, it is planned to allocate about 600 million rubles for civil science. annually (at current prices), which will represent approximately 2.8% of federal budget expenditures. Almost two-thirds of the allocations for civil science (64.1% in 2021) are directed to Russia to support applied scientific research, 35.9% – fundamental. The main priority of applied science financed from the budget is the development of the national economy (45.6% of the total allocations).

In 2021, the actual expenditure on civil science under the state programs of the Russian Federation amounted to 585 billion rubles. (93.4% of credits for civil science from the federal budget). More than three-quarters of the expenses were allocated for the implementation of three state programs: “Scientific and technological development of the Russian Federation” (267 million rubles, or 45.6%); “Space activities of Russia” (120.7 million rubles, or 20.6%) and “Development of the aviation industry” (62.5 million rubles, or 10.7%).

In terms of credits for research and civil development of the state (federal) budget, Russia closes the first five countries, the corresponding data of which are presented in the OECD databases. Our country (23.8 billion dollars) is surpassed by the United States (87.6 billion), Japan (83.4), Germany (51.2) and the Republic of Korea (24.5 billion).

According to ISSEK NRU “Higher School of Economics”

Source: ISSEK study “Russian Science in 2021”, September 8, 2022.

Agronomists full of optimism

The autonomous non-profit organization “National Priorities” conducted an online survey to assess the career prospects of young scientists in Russia. The online survey was conducted from July 17 to August 5, 2022. More than 2,000 students, graduate students and employees of 300 universities and research institutes from all federal districts of Russia participated in it.

According to the study, 35% of respondents believe that in the next five years science in Russia will develop in all directions, another 38% expect science to develop in narrow areas. The most optimistic in their assessments are representatives of agricultural sciences (45% believe that science will develop in almost all areas), as well as representatives of technical sciences and engineering (40%).

The survey showed that representatives of mathematics, computer science and systems sciences were less concerned about professional recognition. The most attractive prospects in a scientific career for the next five years, respondents consider a higher position or department management (41%), their own company (13%), the leadership of a scientific or educational organization (10%). Representatives of agricultural sciences see the most prospects in the development of a scientific career. Of these, 73% answered that building a scientific career in Russia is very or fairly promising.

42% of scientists said they could fully implement their plans. 33% of respondents believe that their career prospects are achievable, but not entirely. At the same time, undergraduates and graduate students are more optimistic about their prospects.

Second YEAR “National Priorities”

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *